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Monterrey pears are large, rounded fruits with an asymmetrical, apple like shape. They have a smooth, yellow-green skin and are very firm to the touch. The skin will become more yellow and the small pores, or lenticels, on the skin will develop little brown specks when ripe. The brown lenticels are the best way to determine whether a pear is mature and ready to be picked. The bright white flesh has a crisp, crunchy texture like an apple, and is free of any grittiness. The flavor is sweet and mild. Monterrey pears won’t soften when ripe.
Monterrey pears are available in the early fall months.
Monterrey pears are a large variety from northern Mexico, botanically a cultivar of Pyrus pyrifolia. The Asian pear hybrid was selected from the tree of a popular southern Texas variety. Monterrey pears are a cross of European pear and a Japanese pear. The yellow pears are named for the city of Monterrey, located in the northern state of Nuevo Leon, and were introduced to the United States in the early 1950s. This pear variety is popular among Texans.
Monterrey pears, like all pear varieties, is a good source of dietary fiber and the mineral copper. They are a good source of vitamin C, and contain B-complex vitamins, vitamin K and the electrolyte potassium. Pears also contain trace amounts of iron, manganese and magnesium.
Monterrey pears are excellent dessert pears thanks to their texture and size. Use them in tarts, pies and cakes, or use them in savory dishes like stuffed pork or chicken salad. Add thinly sliced Monterrey pears to a grilled cheese sandwich with a rich gouda or add to a cheese plate. Use them in salads or slaws, or poach them with wine and cinnamon for an easy dessert. Use Monterrey pears in any recipe that calls for Asian pears. Store them in the crisper drawer of the refrigerator for up to one week.
The Greeks referred to pears as the “gift of the gods”. The tear-drop shaped fruit came to America in 1629 and was a prolific producer, with new varieties and hybrids appearing before long. Pears trees require a certain amount of time at lower temperatures (under 45°F) in order to regulate their growth. Most need more than 300 “chill hours” so the flower buds will open in the spring. Asian pears tend to require fewer than 300 chill hours, making them more ideal for regions with warmer winters.
Monterrey pears were first grown in Monterrey, Mexico, about 80 miles southwest of the Texas and United States border. They are descended from the garber pear which, around the turn of the 19th century, was known in Texas as a “home pear” for its tendency to be grown in backyards and home gardens. The garber variety was introduced before 1880, and is one of the few suited to the warmer climates of Texas. A selection from a garber pear tree was cultivated in Monterrey, and was first made available at a local nursery just outside of San Antonio, Texas in 1952. The Asian pear hybrid is one of the recommended pear trees for the area for their resistance to fire blight, a very common issue for pear trees. Monterrey pears are primarily found in the San Antonio area. The trees are recommended by local nurseries for their disease resistance and their suitability to the warmer winter weather. Outside of south Texas, Monterrey pears may be found through small orchards at farmer’s markets in areas with mild winters, like southern California.
Recipes that include Monterrey Pears. One is easiest, three is harder.
|Smitten Kitchen||Pear Bread|
Someone spotted Monterrey Pears using the Specialty Produce app for iPhone and Android.
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Specialty ProduceNear San Diego, California, United States
1929 Hancock St San Diego, Ca 92110
About 213 days ago, 12/16/17
Spotter's comments : Monterrey Pears spotted at Specialty Produce.