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Inventory, 24 ct : 2.00
This item was last sold on : 04/26/18
Curly endive grows in loose heads of narrow, lacey outer leaves with curling green-rimmed tips. Inside the head is a compact heart of off-white leaves. The outer, darker leaves have a distinctive, slightly bitter flavor. The inner, lighter colored leaves are milder in flavor and have a subtle sweetness to them with a more delicate texture.
Curley endive is available year-round but its peak season is spring through summer.
Curly endive is botanically known as Cichorium endivia and is part of the chicory genus. Curly endive is a “true” endive and depending upon location is sometimes mistakenly referred to as frisée or chicory. Unlike Belgian endive, Curly endive is field grown in an open growth style. The exterior leaves can be tied up a few days prior to harvest to allow the inner leaves to “field blanch” which will whiten and impart a sweeter flavor to the inner heart of the Curly endive. There are two types of true endives, broad leaved and narrow leaved with Curly endive being the narrow leaved variety.
Curly endive contains significant amounts of Vitamin A and Vitamin K as well as some Vitamin C. Additionally, it contains phosphorus, potassium and dietary fiber with the darker green leaves offering more nutrients than the white leaves.
Curly endive is a bitter green that can add texture and flavor to a number of dishes. Most commonly it is used raw in salad preparations though it can be utilized cooked as well. It can be sautéed, braised, steamed or chopped and added to vegetable or bean soups. Chopped it can be combined with other greens and used in various salad preparations. Its leaves are heartier than some salad greens and can stand up to heavier or warmed dressings or used as a bed of greens when plating proteins. Its bitter flavor marries well with robust and complimentary ingredients such as bacon, salmon, cream or mayonnaise based dressings, anchovies, onion, thyme, basil, citrus such as tangerine and meyer lemon, figs, apple, egg, white beans, chickpeas, toasted pecans or hazelnuts, and cheeses such as feta, brie, blue and gorgonzola. Curly endive keeps best stored tightly wrapped in plastic and refrigerated, it is best used within one to two weeks.
In Jewish culture Endive is commonly consumed at Passover as part of the Seder plat. It along with other bitter herbs such as horseradish and romaine lettuce serves as a reminder of the bitterness of slavery prior to the Israelites exodus into Egypt.
Endive is believed to have originated near Sicily and the Mediterranean region. It has historical roots in Egypt, Rome and Greece as a salad vegetable. By 1548 it had made its way to England and later on in 1806 it first appeared in a seed catalog in the United States. The narrow leaved type such as Curly endive is believed to be younger than broad leaved varieties such as escarole with earliest documentation of this specific variety taking place in the 13th century. Curly endive can mistakenly be referred to as chicory, loose-leaf chicory, chicory endive, curly chicory and frisée. This is because the term "chicory" in the U.S. or France refers to what the British call endive and endive in Britain turns into chicory in France and America.
Restaurants currently purchasing this product as an ingredient for their menu.
|Bernardo Heights Country Club||San Diego CA||858-487-4022|
|San Diego Culinary Institute Inc.||La Mesa CA||619-644-2100|
Recipes that include Curly Endive. One is easiest, three is harder.
|Laurie Constantino||Pan-Fried Salmon with Curly Endive and Christmas Lima Beans|