Red Chinese Mulberries
The Red Chinese mulberry tree is a broad, spreading bush or small tree dotted with small thorns. Like its mulberry relatives, the fruits are technically not a berries but rather aggregates of tiny fleshy drupes clustered around a single stem
Monterrey pears are a large variety from northern Mexico, botanically a cultivar of Pyrus pyrifolia. The Asian pear hybrid was selected from the tree of a popular southern Texas variety. Monterrey pears are a cross of European pear and a Japanese pear.
Missouri Pippin Apple
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|See Canyon Apple Orchards|
The Missouri Pippin is a very attractive medium-sized, round or conical apple, with red stripes. The thick skin has a yellow-gold background overlaid with various shades of red striping. The red portions can get quite dark when exposed to the sun during growth. The white-yellow flesh is coarse, crisp, and fairly juicy. The taste is somewhat unusual, pleasant, and slightly sweet, subacid. Taste can be variable, but is very good if harvested at the right time.
Missouri Pippin apples are available late fall through winter.
Missouri Pippin apples are a very late season antique variety of Malus domestica from the 19th century. Much more common in the past as a commercial variety, they are relatively rare today. Missouri Pippins are of unknown parentage, since the first tree was grown from a seed.
Apples have several important nutrients such as dietary fiber, which aids in digestion, and Vitamin C, important for immune system functioning. Apples also contain small amounts of boron, Vitamin B, and quercetin, in addition to several antioxidants and phytochemicals.
Missouri Pippins are primarily used for fresh eating, rather than cooking or baking. Pair with fresh cheeses such as cheddar or goat cheese or slice in fresh salads. Missouri Pippins are good keepers, and can be stored for 2 or 3 months in the refrigerator or other cool, dry area.
New varieties of apples are developed or discovered in a variety of ways. The word “pippin” means an apple grown from seed, as the Missouri Pippin was. Apple seeds do not grow fruits that are the same as the apple from which it came. Farmers who develop apples from seeds watch closely to see if the resulting tree and fruit is worth keeping and/or bringing to market, since they have no way of knowing what the seed will grow beforehand.
Brinkley Hornsby, of Johnson County, Missouri, grew the first Missouri Pippin in 1854. He had brought many apple seeds with him as he moved west and settled in the area in 1839. He named the promising apple his “dollars and cents” variety, and it was soon sold in St. Louis under the name Missouri Keeper. The Missouri Pippin was a much more common apple in the 19th century, when it was grown commercially. Missouri Pippins were used by orchardists to start making money off of their orchards soon after planting. Most apple trees take many years to start producing fruit. Missouri Pippins take only two or three years, and so were a valuable addition to new orchards, while farmers waited for the rest of their trees to start producing. It is well suited to Midwestern and the piedmont region of the south.