Gol Nemu Limes
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Gol Nemu limes have a long cylindrical shape that is unique to this variety. They have a smooth light green skin, with a hints of yellow blush and range from 5 to 10 centimeters in length. The thin rind is very aromatic and full of volatile oils, offering an intense citrus-lime scent. The inner flesh is a pale green that is very juicy and offers a mildly acidic and somewhat sweet lime flavor. Its unique aroma and flavor have earned it the nickname “Queen of all citrus fruits” in India, its region of origin.
Gol Nemu lime are available year-round in tropical climates.
Gol Nemu limes are an elongated lime variety grown in the Assam region of India. In this part of India, regional dialect often refers to limes as ‘lemons’ mostly because the word for both is interchangeable. Botanically, they are a variety of Citrus limon. Gol Nemu limes are also known as Kazi or Kaji nemu, Assam lemon, or Nemu tenga.
Gol Nemu limes are high in vitamin C and beneficial antioxidant flavonoids.
Gol Nemu limes are used to add a sourness to spicy dishes in the Assam and Nagaland regions of Northeastern India. The limes are cut in half and juiced, the skin and seeds discarded. The Assam limes can be dried or pickled and preserved for years. The highly aromatic zest can be used to flavor beverages, desserts, soups or curries. Store fresh Gol Nemu limes at room temperature for up to a week. Store in the refrigerator to extend the shelf life.
The skin of the Gol Nemu lime is rich in aromatic oil and is often extracted for aromatherapy uses as well as medicinal uses. As a treatment for digestive maladies, Gol Nemu limes are covered in salt for a few days, then rubbed with mustard oil (another Ayurvedic treatment) and sun-dried. The limes can be preserved for several years this way and over time, its medicinal properties increase. Gol Nemu lime seeds are removed, ground and mixed with a small amount of water and prescribed for thread worms.
Gol Nemu limes, or Assam lemons, are native to the Assam region of India. This are is sandwiched between Bhutan and Bangladesh in the north-eastern part of India. Gol Nemu limes are cultivated for local use. Limes are thought to come from Southeast Asia and require a tropical environment. In India, most of the produce is wild and foraged by villagers to sell at farmer’s markets.